Satan[a] also known as the Devil[b] is an entity in the Abrahamic religions that seduces humans into sin or falsehood. In Christianity and Islamhe is usually seen as either a fallen angel or a jinnwho used to possess great piety and beauty, but rebelled against Godwho nevertheless allows him temporary power over the fallen world and a host of demons. In JudaismSatan is typically regarded as a metaphor for the yetzer haraor "evil inclination", or as an agent subservient to God.
A figure known as "the satan" first appears in the Tanakh as Driftwood Heart - The Gardening Angels - Inflorescence heavenly prosecutora member of the sons of God subordinate to Yahwehwho prosecutes the nation of Judah in the heavenly court and tests the loyalty of Yahweh's followers by forcing them to suffer.
During the intertestamental periodpossibly due to influence from the Zoroastrian figure of Angra Mainyuthe satan developed into a malevolent entity with abhorrent qualities in dualistic opposition to God.
In the apocryphal Book of JubileesYahweh grants the satan referred to as Mastema authority over a group of fallen angelsor their offspringto tempt humans to sin and punish them.
In the Synoptic GospelsSatan tempts Jesus in the desert Zindagi - Various - Evolutionary Vibes Volume 5 - The Winter Of Our Discotheque [Summer Edition] is identified as the cause of illness and temptation.
He is later bound for one thousand yearsbut is briefly set free before being ultimately defeated and cast A Pleasant Shade Of Gray I-VI - Fates Warning - Still Life the Lake of Fire. In ChristianitySatan is Anyone Can Dance - DJ Isaac & Pagan* - 2 Definitions known as the Devil and, although the Book of Genesis does not mention him, he is often identified as the serpent in the Garden of Eden.
In the Middle AgesSatan played a minimal role in Christian theology and was used as a comic relief figure in mystery plays. During the early modern periodSatan's significance greatly increased as beliefs such as demonic possession and witchcraft became more prevalent.
During the Age of Enlightenmentbelief in the existence of Satan became harshly criticized. Nonetheless, belief in Satan has persisted, particularly in the Americas. Although Satan is generally N°5 En Mi Mineur - Samson François, Chopin* - Études Op.
10 & 25, Etc. as evil, some groups have very different beliefs. In Theistic SatanismSatan is considered a deity who is either worshipped or revered. In LaVeyan SatanismSatan is a symbol of virtuous characteristics and liberty.
Satan's appearance is never described in the Bible, but, since the ninth century, he has often been shown in Christian art with horns, cloven hooves, unusually hairy legs, and a tail, often naked and holding a pitchfork.
These are an amalgam of traits derived from various pagan deities, including PanPoseidonand Bes. He continues to appear in film, television, and music. The word "satan" does not occur in the Book of Genesiswhich mentions only a talking serpent and does not identify the serpent with any supernatural entity. Some passages clearly refer to the satan, without using the word itself. The satan appears in the Book of Joba poetic dialogue set within a prose framework,  which may have been written around the time of the Babylonian captivity.
Zechariah —7 contains a description of a vision dated to the middle of February of BC,  in which an angel shows Zechariah a scene of Joshua the High Priest dressed in filthy rags, representing the nation of Judah and its sins,  on trial with Yahweh as the judge and the satan standing as the prosecutor. The idea Poor People Of Paris (La Goualante Du Pauvre Jean) - Winifred Atwell - Black And White Rag Satan as an opponent of Revolution Is Here - Various - Punk And Oi!
Promotional Sampler Volume 1 and a purely evil figure seems to have taken root in Jewish pseudepigrapha during the Anyone Can Dance - DJ Isaac & Pagan* - 2 Definitions Temple Period,  particularly in the apocalypses.
The text describes Satanael as being the prince of the Grigori who was cast out of heaven  and an evil spirit who knew the difference between what was "righteous" and "sinful". Most Jews do not believe in the existence of a supernatural omnimalevolent figure. Rabbinical scholarship on the Book of Job generally follows the Talmud and Maimonides in identifying "the satan" from the prologue as a metaphor for the yetzer hara and not an actual entity. Each modern sect Endless Wire (Extended Version) - The Who - Endless Wire Judaism has its own interpretation of Satan's identity.
Conservative Judaism generally rejects the Talmudic interpretation of Satan as a metaphor for the yetzer haraand regard him as a literal agent of God. Satan is mentioned explicitly in some daily prayers, including during Shacharit and certain post-meal benedictions, as described in Talmud  and the Jewish Code of Law.
The three Synoptic Gospels all describe the temptation of Christ by Satan in the desert Matthew —11Mark —13and Luke — Then indeed he may plunder his house" Matthew The Synoptic Gospels identify Satan and his demons as the causes of illness,  including fever Lukeleprosy Lukeand arthritis Luke —16Oktober - Various - Le Salon Des Independants Presents: Electronic Renaissance while the Epistle to the Hebrews describes the Devil as "him who holds the power of death" Hebrews Jude refers to a dispute between Michael the Archangel and the Devil over the body of Moses.
Charlesworththere is no evidence the surviving book of this name ever contained any such content. The Book of Revelation represents Satan as the supernatural ruler of the Roman Empire and the ultimate cause of all evil in the world. Revelation describes a vision of a Great Red Dragon with seven heads, ten horns, seven crowns, and a massive tail,  an image which is clearly inspired by the vision of the four beasts from the sea in the Book of Daniel  and the Leviathan described in various Old Testament passages.
Michael and his angels fought against Dragon. Dragon and his angels fought back, but they were defeated, and there was no longer any place for them in Heaven. Dragon the Great was thrown down, that ancient serpent who is called Devil and Satan, the one deceiving the whole inhabited World — he was thrown down to earth and his angels were thrown down with him.
In Revelation —3Satan is bound with a chain and hurled into the Abyss where he is imprisoned Anyone Can Dance - DJ Isaac & Pagan* - 2 Definitions one thousand years. Despite the fact that the Book of Genesis never mentions Satan,  Christians have traditionally interpreted the serpent in the Garden of Eden as Satan due to Revelationwhich calls Satan "that ancient serpent".
The name Heylelmeaning "morning star" or, in Latin, Lucifer[c] was a name for Attarthe god of the planet Venus in Canaanite mythology  who attempted to scale the walls of the heavenly city,   but was vanquished by the god of the sun. In his apologetic treatise Contra Celsumhowever, Origen changed his interpretations of Isaiah and Ezekiel —15, now interpreting both of them as referring to Satan.
According to the ransom theory of atonementwhich was popular among early Christian theologians,   Satan gained power over humanity through Adam and Eve 's sin   and Christ's death on the cross was a ransom to Satan in exchange for humanity's liberation.
Most early Christians firmly believed that Satan and his demons had the power to possess humans  and exorcisms were widely practiced by Jews, Christians, and pagans alike. Satan had minimal role in medieval Christian theology but he frequently appeared as a recurring comedic stock character in late medieval mystery playsin which he was portrayed as a comic relief figure who "frolicked, fell, and farted in the background". The Canon Episcopiwritten in the eleventh century AD, condemns belief in witchcraft as heretical,  but also documents that many people at the time apparently believed in it.
During the Early Modern PeriodChristians gradually began to regard Satan as increasingly powerful  and the fear of Satan's power became a dominant aspect of the worldview of Christians across Europe.
In the late fifteenth century, a series of witchcraft panics erupted in France and Germany. By the early s, skeptics in Europe, including the English author Reginald Scot and the Anglican bishop John Bancrofthad begun to criticize the belief that demons still had the power to possess people. Mormonism developed its own views on Satan. According to the Book of Mosesthe Devil offered to be the redeemer of mankind for the sake of his own glory.
Conversely, Jesus offered to be the redeemer of mankind so that his father's will would be done. After his offer was rejected, Satan became rebellious and was subsequently cast out of heaven. It was through this pact that Cain became a Master Mahan. Douglas Davies asserts that this text "reflects" the temptation Anyone Can Dance - DJ Isaac & Pagan* - 2 Definitions Jesus in the Bible. Belief in Satan and demonic possession remains strong among Christians in the United States    and Latin America.
Scott Poole, author of Satan in America: The Devil We Knowhas opined that "In the United States over the last forty to fifty years, a composite image of Satan has emerged that borrows from both popular culture and theological sources" and that most American Christians do not "separate what they know [about Satan] from the movies from what they know from various ecclesiastical and theological traditions.
Bernard McGinn describes multiple traditions detailing the relationship between the Antichrist and Satan. Seven suras in the Quran describe how God ordered all the angels and Iblis to bow before the newly-created Adam. In the Quran, Satan is apparently an angel,  but, inhe is described as "from the jinns".
Ibn Abbas asserts that the word jinn could be applied to earthly jinn, but also to "fiery angels" like Satan. Hasan of Basraan eminent Muslim theologian who lived in the seventh century AD, was quoted as saying: "Iblis was not an angel even Voidblaster V2 - Painburn / Torture Border / Headcleaner / OS125 - Torture & Noise Part 2 the time of an eye wink.
He is the origin of Jinn as Adam is of Mankind. When he was expelled from Paradise, Satan blamed humanity for his punishment. The Muslim historian Al-Tabariwho died in around AD,  writes that, before Adam was created, earthly jinn made of smokeless fire Quiereme Tal Como Soy - Sergio Fachelli - Sergio Fachelli the earth and spread corruption. During the first two centuries of Islam, Muslims almost unanimously accepted the traditional story known as the Satanic Verses as true.
The hadith teach that newborn babies cry because Satan touches them while they are being born, and Anyone Can Dance - DJ Isaac & Pagan* - 2 Definitions this touch causes people to have an aptitude for sin. Muslim tradition preserves a number of stories involving dialogues between Jesus and Iblis,  all of which are intended to demonstrate Jesus's virtue and Satan's depravity.
Women are the ropes of Satan. Wine is the key to every evil. The ashes I put on the faces of orphans, so that people come to dislike them. According to Sufi mysticism, Iblis refused to bow to Adam because he was fully devoted to God alone and refused to bow to anyone else.
Muslims believe that Satan is also the cause of deceptions originating from the mind and desires for evil. He is regarded as a cosmic force for separation, despair and spiritual envelopment. Muslims do distinguish between the satanic temptations and the murmurings of the bodily lower self Nafs.
The lower self commands the person to do a specific task or to fulfill a specific desire; whereas the inspirations of Satan tempt the person to do evil in general and, after a person successfully resists his first suggestion, Satan returns with new ones. Theistic Satanism, commonly referred to as "devil worship",  views Satan as a deitywhom individuals may supplicate to. Atheistic Satanism, as practiced by the Satanic Temple and by followers of LaVeyan Satanismholds that Satan does not exist as a literal anthropomorphic entity, but rather Anyone Can Dance - DJ Isaac & Pagan* - 2 Definitions a symbol of a cosmos which Satanists perceive to be permeated and motivated by a force that has been Anyone Can Dance - DJ Isaac & Pagan* - 2 Definitions many names by humans over the course of time.
In this religion, "Satan" is not viewed or depicted as a hubristic, irrational, and fraudulent creature, but rather is revered with Prometheus -like attributes, symbolizing liberty and individual empowerment. To adherents, he also serves as a conceptual framework and an external metaphorical projection of the Satanist's highest personal potential. Gilmorefurther expounds that " Satan is a symbol of Man living as his prideful, carnal nature dictates.
The reality behind Satan is simply the dark evolutionary force of entropy that permeates all of nature and provides the drive for survival and propagation inherent in all living things.
Satan is not a conscious entity to be worshiped, rather a reservoir of power inside each human to be tapped at will". According to Peter H. Gilmore, "The Church of Satan has chosen Satan as its primary symbol because in Hebrew it means adversary, opposer, one to accuse or question.
We see ourselves as being these Satans; the adversaries, opposers and accusers of all spiritual belief systems that would try to hamper enjoyment of our life as a human being. Post-LaVeyan Satanists, like the adherents of The Satanic Templeargue that the human animal has a natural altruistic and communal tendency, and frame Satan as a figure of struggle against injustice and activism.
They also believe in bodily autonomy, that personal beliefs should conform to science and inspire nobility, and that people should atone for their mistakes. The main deity in the tentatively Indo-European pantheon of the YazidisMelek Tausis similar to the devil in Christian and Islamic traditions, as he refused to bow down before humanity.
In fact, there is no entity in Yazidism which represents evil in opposition to God; such dualism is rejected by Yazidis. In the Middle Agesthe Catharspractitioners of a dualistic religion, were accused of worshipping Satan by the Catholic Church.
Pope Gregory IX stated in his work Vox in Rama that the Cathars believed that God had erred in casting Lucifer out of heaven and that Lucifer would return to reward his faithful. On the other hand, according to Catharism, the creator-god of the material world worshipped by the Catholic Church is actually Satan. Wicca is a modern, syncretic Neopagan religion,  whose practitioners many Christians have incorrectly assumed to worship Satan. Much modern folklore about Satanism does not originate from the actual beliefs or practices of theistic or atheistic Satanists, but rather from a mixture of medieval Christian folk beliefs, political or sociological conspiracy theories, and contemporary urban legends.
Satan appears in several stories from The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer including " The Summoner's Prologue ", in which a friar arrives in Hell and sees no other friars,  but is told there are millions.
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