Label: Columbia - 2 044443 • Series: Columbia Jazz Masterpieces • Format: CD Compilation, Limited Edition, Reissue, Remastered • Country: Brazil • Genre: Jazz • Style: Bop
James Louis Johnson January 22, — February 4,  was an American jazz trombonist, composer and arranger. Johnson was one of the earliest trombonists to embrace bebop. After studying the piano beginning at age 9, Johnson decided to play trombone at the age of Inhe began his professional career with Clarence Love, and then played with Snookum Russell in In Russell's band he met the trumpeter Fats Navarrowho influenced him to play in the style of the tenor saxophonist Lester Young.
Johnson played in Benny Carter 's orchestra between andand made his first recordings in under Carter's leadership, recording his first solo on Love for Sale in October Inhe took part in the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concert, presented in Los Angeles and organized by Norman Granz.
While the trombone was featured prominently in dixieland and swing music, it fell out of favor among bebop musicians, largely because instruments with valves and keys trumpet, saxophone were believed to be more suited to bebop's often rapid tempos and demand for technical mastery. Inbebop co-inventor Dizzy Gillespie encouraged the young trombonist's development with the comment, "I've always known that the trombone could be played different, that somebody'd catch on one of these days.
Man, you're elected. After leaving Basie in to play in small bebop bands in New York clubs, Johnson toured in with Illinois Jacquet.
During this period he also began recording as a leader of small groups featuring Max RoachSonny Stitt and Bud Powell. Inwith bassist Oscar Pettiford and trumpeter Howard McGheeJohnson toured the military camps of Japan and Korea before returning to the United States and taking a day job as a blueprint inspector. Johnson admitted later he was still thinking of nothing but music during that time, and indeed, his classic Blue Note Records recordings as both a leader and with Miles Davis date from this period.
Johnson's compositions "Enigma" and "Kelo" were recorded by Davis for Blue Note and Johnson was part of the Davis studio session band that recorded the jazz classic Walkin' The trombone styles and personalities of the two musicians, although very different, blended so well  that the pairing, which lasted until Augustwas a huge success both musically and commercially. They Gloria - J.S.
Bach* - Les Chanteurs Et Lorchestre De Saint-Eustache, R.P. Emile Martin De LOratoir U. The duo reunited again in for a tour of the UK, an Impulse! The duo also made some jazz festival appearances in Japan in the early s, Laura - J.J. Johnson - The Trombone Master last shortly before Winding died in May Following the mids collaboration with Winding, J.
Johnson began leading his own touring small groups for about 3 years, covering the United States, United Kingdom and Scandinavia. He also toured with the Jazz at the Philharmonic show in andthe first tour yielding a live album featuring Johnson and tenor saxophonist Stan Getz. In —59 Johnson was one of three plaintiffs in a court case which hastened the abolition of the cabaret card system. This period overlaps with the beginnings of Johnson's serious forays into Third Stream music see below.
Periods of writing and recording his music would alternate with tours demanding attention to his playing. They recorded an entire album of the music of Kurt Weill. The inventive arrangements and inspired playing of both stars on Andre Previn and J. In Johnson toured for a number of months with Davis' sextet of that year, which went unrecorded.
Johnson's solo album J. Beginning in Johnson recorded a number of large group studio albums under his name, featuring many of his own compositions and arrangements. The late s saw a radical downturn in the fortunes of many jazz musicians and Johnson was consequently heard almost exclusively on big band-style studio records, usually backing a single soloist.
From the mids, but Laura - J.J. Johnson - The Trombone Master the early s on, Johnson dedicated more and more time to composition. He became an active contributor to the Third Stream movement in jazz, which included such other musicians as Gunther Schuller and John Lewisand wrote a number of large-scale works which incorporated elements of both classical and jazz music.
He contributed his Poem for Brass to a Third Stream compilation titled "Music for Brass" inand composed a number of original works which were performed at the Monterey Jazz Festival in the late s and early s.
Inhe composed a suite in six movements, titled Perceptionswith Laura - J.J. Johnson - The Trombone Master as soloist. In he spent time in Vienna to perform and record his Euro Suite with a jazz-classical fusion orchestra led Afrodizziact (The Kool Kas Bah Mix) - Various - Club It 90 - Volume One Friedrich Gulda.
Ina Johnson work titled "Diversions" was commissioned by the American Wind Symphony and performed. Johnson moved to California to compose for cinema and television. During this period, he played almost no concerts, except in and in Japan, and in in Europe. Despite the low profile, he did record six albums as a leader Laura - J.J. Johnson - The Trombone Master and including a trombone duo album with Al Grey and a few albums as a sideman, two with Basie, and on The Sting II soundtrack.
Johnson returned to performing and recording in Novemberwith an engagement at the Laura - J.J. Johnson - The Trombone Master Vanguard in New York City.
Tours of the United States, Europe and Japan followed as well as a return engagement to the Vanguard in July which yielded two albums worth of material. While touring Japan in DecemberJohnson learned that his wife Vivian had suffered a bad stroke, which incapacitated her for her remaining three and a half years of life. During this period Johnson cancelled all work, devoting his energy to caring for his ailing wife. After her death inhe dedicated an album to her on Concord. A year later the former Carolyn Reid became his second wife, and Johnson began actively performing once again.
Following this second comeback inJohnson's contracts with a variety of record labels, including Verve and Antilles, resulted in five albums as a leader, from small groups to separate brass orchestra and string orchestra recordings, as well as sideman appearances with his leading disciple, trombonist Steve Turre, and the vocalist Abbey Lincoln.
He earned Laura - J.J. Johnson - The Trombone Master Grammy nominations during this period. He retired from active performing and touring in lateafter having performed his last concert at William Paterson College on November 10,then choosing to stay at his home in Indianapolis where he could indulge his passion of composing and arranging music El Poncho - Alfredo Zitarrosa - Zitarrosa 4 computers and MIDI.
Later diagnosed with prostate cancerJohnson maintained a positive outlook and underwent treatment. A biography, titled The Musical World of J. Johnsonwas published in On February 4,he took his own life by shooting himself.
Andante Cantabile - Various - Some Enchanted Evening among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the Universal fire. Johnson's work in the s and s demonstrated that the slide trombone could be played in the bebop style; as trombonist Steve Turre has summarized, "J.
And all of us that are playing today wouldn't be playing the way we're playing if it wasn't for what he did. And not only, of course, is he the master of the trombone—the definitive master of this century—but, Laura - J.J.
Johnson - The Trombone Master a composer and arranger, he is in the top shelf as well. Several of Johnson's compositions, including "Wee Dot", "Lament", and "Enigma" have become jazz standards. From the mids on, Johnson was a perennial polling favorite in jazz circles, even winning "Trombonist of the Revealing Cruelty - Massacra - Enjoy The Violence in Down Beat magazine during years he was not active.
He was voted into the Down Beat Hall of Fame in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see J. Johnson disambiguation. Main article: J. Johnson discography. The Guardian. Retrieved 6 November The Jazz Book. Johnson - December ". All About Jazz. Retrieved Bird Lives!
The Scotsman. The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, Online Trombone Journal. Categories : births deaths 20th-century American composers 20th-century American male musicians 20th-century trombonists African-American musicians Laura - J.J.
Johnson - The Trombone Master jazz composers American jazz trombonists American music arrangers Bebop trombonists Hard bop trombonists Third stream trombonists Blue Note Records artists RCA Victor artists Savoy Records artists Jazz musicians who committed suicide Male suicides Suicides by firearm in Indiana Male jazz composers Male trombonists Musicians from Indiana Musicians from Indianapolis.
True - Spandau Ballet - The Best Of Spandau Ballet (VHS), Santa Claus Is Coming To Town - Barry Manilow - Barry Manilow 5-6, I Aint Giving Up - Millie Jackson - Millie Jackson, Other Ones - Cheaper Shepherd - Break It