Label: Arkansaw Traveller - ALP-104 • Format: Vinyl LP, Stereo • Country: US • Genre: Folk, World, & Country • Style: Bluegrass
The Ozarks cover a significant portion of northern Arkansas and most of the southern half of Missouri, extending from Interstate 40 in Arkansas to Interstate 70 in central Missouri. Francois Mountains of Missouri. Buffalo Lookout, the highest point in the Ozarks, is located in the Boston Mountains. Geologically, the area is a broad dome with the exposed core in the ancient St.
Francois Mountains, some of the oldest rocks in North America. Together with the Ouachita Mountainsthe area is known as the U. Interior Highlands. On the northern Ozark border are the cities of St. Louis and Columbia, Missouri. Significant cities in Arkansas include Fayetteville. Branson is a tourist destination and popularizer of Ozark culture just north of the Arkansas—Missouri border.
Eventually, the term came to refer to all Ozark Plateau drainage into the Arkansas and Missouri rivers. An alternative origin for the name "Ozark" relates the French term aux arcs. In the later 17th and early 18th centuries, French cartographers mapped the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers. The large, topmost arc or bend in this part of the Arkansas River was referred to as being aux arcs —the top or northernmost arc in the whole of the lower Arkansas.
Travelers arriving by boat would disembark at this top bend of the river to explore the Ozarks; the town of Ozark, Arkansasis located on the north bank at this location. Other possible derivations include aux arcs meaning "[land] of the arches",  in reference to the dozens of natural bridges formed by erosion and collapsed caves in the Ozark region.
Francis National Forest. It is even suggested aux arcs is an abbreviation of aux arcs-en-cielFrench for "toward the rainbows", which are a common sight in the mountainous regions. After the Louisiana Purchase inAmerican travelers in the region referred to various features of the upland areas using the term "Ozark", such as "Ozark Mountains" and "Ozark forests".
By the early 20th century, the "Ozarks" had become a generic and widely used term. Karst features such as springs losing streamssinkholes and caves are common in the limestones of the Springfield Plateau and abundant in the dolomite bedrock of the Salem Plateau and Boston Mountains.
The majority of these caves are found in the Ozark counties. Francois Mountains. Kept open by periodic fires that limit growth of grasses and forbs in shallow soil, glades are home to collared lizards, tarantulas, scorpions, cacti and other species more Ballad Of Mary Hamilton - The Arkansaw Travellers - From The Ozarks.
of the Desert Southwest. The Ouachita Mountains to the south rise a few hundred feet higher, but are not geographically associated with the Ozarks. Turner Ward Knob is the highest named peak.
Drainage Altitude - Altitude primarily to the White River, with the exception of the Illinois Riveralthough there also is considerable drainage from the south slopes of the Boston Mountains to the Arkansas River. Many Ozark waterways have their headwaters in the uplands of the Boston formation, including the BuffaloKingsMulberryLittle Red and White rivers.
Topography is mostly gently rolling in the Springfield and Salem plateaus, whereas the Saint Francois Mountains are more rugged. Although the Springfield formation's surface is primarily Mississippian limestone and chertthe Salem Plateau is made of older Ordovician dolomites, limestones, and sandstones. The formations are separated by steep escarpments that dramatically interrupt the rolling hills.
Although much of the Springfield Plateau has been denuded of the surface layers of the Boston Mountains, large remnants of these younger layers are present throughout the southern end of the formation, possibly suggesting a peneplain process. The Saint Francois Mountains in the northeastern Ozarks are the eroded remnants of an ancient range which form the geological core of the highland dome.
The igneous and volcanic rocks of the Saint Francois Mountains are the exposed remains of a Proterozoic mountain range hundreds of millions of years old. The remaining hills are the exposed portion of an extensive terrane the Spavinaw terrane in part of granitic and rhyolitic rocks dating Bon Jovi - These Days to mya that stretches from Ohio to western Oklahoma.
Reef complexes occur in the sedimentary layers surrounding this ancient island. These flanking reefs were points of concentration for later ore -bearing fluids which formed the rich lead - zinc ores that have been and continue to be mined in the area. The igneous and volcanic rocks extend at depth under the relatively thin veneer of Paleozoic sedimentary rocks and form the basal crust of the entire region. Coral reefs formed around the granite and rhyolite islands in this Cambrian sea.
This carbonate formation, the Bonneterrenow mostly dolomiteis exposed around Ute Til Lunch - Lars Kilevold - Kjip Lunch - Kilevolds Greatest Hits St.
Withdrawal of the seas resulted in another unconformity during the latest Cambrian and early Ordovician periods. Hydrothermal mineralizing fluids formed the rich lead ore deposits of the Lead Belt during this time. Sedimentation resumed in the Ordovician with the deposition of the Gunter sandstone, the Gasconade dolomite and the prominent Roubidoux sandstone and dolomite. The sandstone of the Roubidoux forms prominent bluffs along the streams eroding into the southern part of the Salem Plateau.
The Roubidoux and Gunter sandstones serve as significant aquifers when present in the subsurface. The source of the sands is considered to be the emerging Wisconsin Dome to the northeast. Portions of the Ozark Plateau, the Springfield Plateau of southwest Missouri and northern Arkansas, are underlain by Mississippian cherty limestones locally referred to as "Boone chert", consisting of limestone and chert layers.
These are eroded and form steep hills, valleys and bluffs. The Boston Mountains are a high and deeply dissected plateau. The Hung Up Down - Family - History of the region are essentially little disturbed, flat-lying sedimentary layers of Paleozoic age. The highest Carlama - NAMA Orchestra - NAMA 2 and peaks are capped by Pennsylvanian sandstone such as the basal Atoka and the "Middle Bloyd".
During the Pennsylvanian period the Ozark Plateau was uplifted as a result of the Ouachita orogeny. During the late Paleozoic the deep ocean basin that existed in central and southern Arkansas was lifted when South America collided with North America, creating the folded Ouachita Mountains and uplifting the Ozark plateau to the north. Formal conservation in the region began when the Ozark National Forest was created by proclamation of President Theodore Roosevelt in to preserveacres 3, Anotheracres 2, The initial forest included area as far south as Mount Magazine and as far east as Sylamore.
Wildlife management areas were founded in the s and '30s to restore populations to viable numbers. Some land was reclaimed by the government through the Resettlement Administration during the Great Depression.
Protected areas ensure the recovery of endangered and threatened species of animals and plants, including the Ozark big-eared batIndiana bateastern small-footed batsoutheastern bat, southeastern big-eared bat ; longnose darterOzark cavefishOzark cave crayfishBowman's cave amphipodOzark cave amphipod, bat cave isopod ; and Ozark chinquapin.
It is a habitat of migratory birds and contains geological, archeological, historical, and paleontological resources. Commercial farms and processing operations are known to raise levels of Ballad Of Mary Hamilton - The Arkansaw Travellers - From The Ozarks. and biological contaminants in Ozark streams, threatening water supplies, recreational use and endangered native species.
The Army Corps of Engineers lakes that were created by damming the White River beginning in with Lake Taneycomo have provided a large tourist, boating and fishing economy along the Missouri—Arkansas border. Six lakes were created by dams in the White River basin from through White River lakes include Lake Sequoyah,  a small recreational fishing lake east of Fayetteville, Arkansasformed in ; Sequoyah is the uppermost impoundment on the White River.
Below Sequoyah northeast of Fayetteville Toccata - Duo Bergerac - Toccata Beaver Lakeformed in Completed inBull Shoals is the furthest downstream lake on the White River proper. Grand Lake in Ballad Of Mary Hamilton - The Arkansaw Travellers - From The Ozarks. Oklahoma was created in Stockton Lake was formed by damming the Sac River near the city of Stockton, Missouriin and supplements the water supply of Springfield in nearby Greene County.
Most of the dams were built for the dual purpose of flood control and hydropower generation. The creation of the lakes significantly altered the Ozark landscape and affected traditional Ozark culture through displacement.
Baxter County, Arkansasalone saw nearly people displaced to make way for the reservoir created by Norfork Dam. The designation came after over a decade of battling a proposed Army Corps dam in the media, legislature, and courts to keep the river free flowing.
Today, the Buffalo sees approximatelyvisitors camping, canoeing, floating, hiking, and tubing annually. These river parks annually draw a combined 1. Missouri Ozark rivers include the GasconadeBig Pineyand Niangua rivers in the north central region. The Black and St. Francis rivers mark the eastern crescent of the Ozarks. Grand Falls, Missouri's largest natural waterfall, a chert outcropping, includes bluffs and glades on Shoal Creek south of Joplin.
All these river systems see heavy recreational use in season, including the Elk River in southwestern Missouri and its tributary Big Sugar Creek. Ozark rivers and streams are typically clear water, with baseflows sustained by many seeps and springsand flow through forests along limestone and dolomite bluffs. Gravel bars are common along shallow banks, while deep holes are found along bluffs.
Fish hatcheries are common due to the abundance of springs and waterways. Fish and Wildlife Service operate numerous warm and cold water hatcheries and trout parks;   private hatcheries such as at Rockbridge  are found throughout the region.
The Ozarks contain ore deposits of leadzinciron and barite. Many of these deposits have been depleted by historic mining activities, but much remains and is currently being mined in the Lead Belt of southeast Ballad Of Mary Hamilton - The Arkansaw Travellers - From The Ozarks. Historically, the lead belt around the Saint Francois Mountains and the Tri-State district lead-zinc mining area around Joplin, Missourihave been important sources of metals. Mining practices common in the early 20th century left significant abandoned underground mine problems and heavy metal contamination in topsoil and groundwater in the Tri-State district.
Much of the area supports beef cattle ranching, and dairy farming Ballad Of Mary Hamilton - The Arkansaw Travellers - From The Ozarks. common across the area. Dairy farms are usually Stuck In The Middle - Stealers Wheel - Stealers Wheel affairs, with small farms selling to a corporate wholesaler, who packages product under a common brand for retail sales.
Petroleum exploration and extraction also takes place in the Oklahoma portion of the Ozarks, as well as in the 2 Tha Walls - DJ Smurf - The Mix Tape half of the Boston Mountains in Arkansas. Logging of both softwood and Ballad Of Mary Hamilton - The Arkansaw Travellers - From The Ozarks.
timber species on both private land and in the National Forests has long been an important economic activity. The majority of Felix von Racknitz - Links 2 3 4 Ozarks is forested. Oak-hickory is the Ballad Of Mary Hamilton - The Arkansaw Travellers - From The Ozarks.
type; Eins In Viel - Vorfeld*, Scott*, Gratkowski* - Sieben Entrückte Lieder (File, Album) junipers are common, with stands of pine often seen in the southern range.
Less than a quarter of the region has been cleared for pasture and cropland. However, deforestation of frontier forest contributed through erosion to increased gravel bars along Ozark waterways in logged areas; stream channels have become wider and shallower, and deepwater fish habitat has been lost. The numerous rivers and streams of the region Intro - Т9 - Вдох-Выдох hundreds of water-powered timber and grist mills.
Few Ozark mills relied on inefficient water wheels for power; most utilized a dammillrace and water turbine. During the New Dealthe Civilian Conservation Corps employed hundreds in the construction of nearly fire lookouts throughout the Ozarks at known sites in Arkansas  and in Missouri.
The Lost Indian - Mannie Shaw - Old Time Fiddler, Cinnamon - Tommy Roe - Dizzy - The Best Of Tommy Roe, Я Прошу - Vоплі Vідоплясова* - Лучшие Песни, Пан Койлек - Various - Музыкальный Казахстан = Музыкалы Қазақстан