Label: Atlantic - 7 82477-2 • Format: 2x, CD Compilation, Remastered Box Set Club Edition • Country: US • Genre: Rock • Style: Blues Rock, Hard Rock, Classic Rock
Physical Graffiti is the sixth studio album by the English rock band Led Zeppelin. It was released as a double album on 24 February by the group's new record label, Swan Song Records. The band wrote and recorded eight new songs for the album in early at Headley Grangea country house in Hampshirewhich gave them ample time to improvise arrangements and experiment with recording.
The total playing time covered three sides of an LP, so they decided to expand it into a double by including previously unreleased tracks from the sessions for the earlier albums Black Country Woman - Led Zeppelin - Boxed Set2 Zeppelin IIILed Zeppelin IV and Houses of the Holy.
The album covered a range of styles including hard rockprogressive rockrock 'n' roll and folk. The album was then mixed over summer and planned for an end-of year release. It was delayed because of the sleeve, which was designed by Peter Corriston and featured a theme around a tenement block in ManhattanNew York.
Physical Graffiti was commercially and critically successful upon its release and debuted at number one on album charts in both the US and the UK. It was promoted by a successful US tour and a five-night residency at Earl's CourtLondon, and has since been viewed as one of the group's strongest albums and the artistic peak of their career. The album has been reissued on CD several times, including an expansive 40th anniversary edition in The first attempt by Led Zeppelin to record songs for Physical Graffiti took place in November at Headley Grange in HampshireEngland, where they had previously recorded their untitled fourth album.
The recording equipment consisted of Ronnie Lane's Mobile Studio. Guitarist and producer Jimmy Page and drummer John Bonham recorded an instrumental which was later reworked as "Kashmir" during this visit. However, these sessions came to a halt quickly and the studio time was turned over to Bad Companywho used it to record songs for their eponymous debut album.
The group reconvened at Headley Grange in January and Februarywhere they recorded eight tracks engineered by Ron Nevison. Sometimes the group would rehearse or record a track several times, discuss what went wrong or what could be improved and then realised they had worked out Shades Of Black, Shades Of Blue - Richard Shindell - Spring alternative arrangement for it which was better.
Bonham was a driving force at the sessions, regularly suggesting ideas or the best ways in which a complicated arrangement could be played successfully. This led to him getting a lead songwriting credit on several tracks.
The eight songs extended beyond the length of a conventional album, spanning three sides of an LP, so the group decided to create a double albumadding material they had recorded for previous albums but never issued. This included various jam sessions such as "Boogie With Stu", which Page thought would be unsuitable as a track on a single album. The title "Physical Black Country Woman - Led Zeppelin - Boxed Set2 was coined by Page to illustrate the whole physical and written energy that had gone into producing the set.
Several tracks from the album became live staples at Led Zeppelin concerts. The first take was played at a faster tempo than the finished version, with various improvised vocals. After a basic run-through, the group then discussed possibilities for rearranging it. It was reworked as an electric number in for Houses of the Holywhich formed the basis for the backing track.
The very end of the song features his off-mic cough, causing the rest of the group to break down at that point. Bonham subsequently shouted "That's got to be the one, hasn't it?
It was left off that album because of its similarity to other tracks such as "Dancing Days", which were felt to be better. Unlike some of the other older material on Physical Graffitiit required no further overdubbing or remixing. The song went through several arrangement changes before arriving at the version heard on the album, with the group rehearsing various different ideas and arguing about the overall style. Bonham decided the track was too "souly" and rearranged it into a funk style, suggesting that Page should play a guitar riff throughout in place of chords.
The song quickly became a popular live piece that was played at every live show from onwards, and was later revived by Plant for his solo tours. Plant wrote the lyrics while on holiday in Morocco. Jones played Mellotron on the track, and arranged strings and brass parts that were played by session musicians. The song was one of the most critically acclaimed on the album, and was played at every gig from onwards. It was initially called "In the Morning" and went through several rehearsals and takes to work out a basic structure.
It was recorded at Island Studios in mid The track was later used as background music in Black Country Woman - Led Zeppelin - Boxed Set2 group's film The Song Remains the Same.
It was reworked as an electric track during sessions for the fourth album the following year. Page and Bonham led the arranging, changing tempo from the slow to fast section and then back again. When the track was performed live, Jones played a triple-neck guitar featuring mandolin, six- and twelve-string guitars, in order to try to reproduce the various guitar overdubs on the studio recording. Jones plays Hammond organ on the track, and Page plays guitar through a Leslie speaker.
Unlike some of the other tracks recorded at the Headley Grange sessions, it was straightforward to arrange, with the group building the song around the riffs. Eventually, a lawsuit was filed by Keane, and half of the award went to Valens' mother, although she was not part of the suit. The track was nearly abandoned when an aeroplane cruised overhead, but it was left on the final recording for effect. The track was driven by Bonham's drumming and Page's guitar riffs.
As Physical Graffiti collected various out-takes from earlier albums, little was left over from the recording sessions that was not eventually released. An early arrangement of "Custard Pie", different from the final version, was reworked as "Hots on For Nowhere" on the following album, Presence.
The album was originally released with a die-cut sleeve design depicting a New York City tenement block, through whose windows various cultural icons could be interchangeably viewed. He subsequently came up with the rest of the cover based on people moving in and out of the tenement, with various sleeves that could be placed under Black Country Woman - Led Zeppelin - Boxed Set2 main cover and Black Country Woman - Led Zeppelin - Boxed Set2 the windows with various pieces of information.
The two five-storey buildings photographed for the album cover are located at 96 and 98 St. Mark's Place in New York City. The fifth floor of the building had to be Hello Alto - Joe McPhee - Mark Whitecage - Paul Smoker - David Prentice - Peter Kowald - Dominic Du out to fit the square album cover format.
Eschewing the usual gatefold design in favour of a special die-cut cover, the original album jacket included four covers made up of two inners for each disca middle insert cover and an outer cover. The middle insert cover is white and details all the album track listings and recording information. The outer cover has die-cut windows on the building, so when the middle cover is wrapped around the inner covers and slid into the outer cover, the title of the album is shown on the front cover, spelling out the name "Physical Graffiti".
Pictures of W. Fields and Buzz Aldrin alternated with the snapshots of Led Zeppelin. Photography was by Elliot Erwitt, B. Fallon, and Roy Harper. Until this point, all of Led Zeppelin's albums had been released on Atlantic Recordswho would distribute Swan Song.
The album was first announced to the press on 6 November with a planned release date of 29 November and an accompanying US tour the band's tenth starting in January.
The album was a commercial and critical success, having built up a huge advance order following the delayed Black Country Woman - Led Zeppelin - Boxed Set2 The Next Time - Government Issue - Live On Mystic, and when eventually issued it reached No.
In the US, it debuted at No. The group debuted several songs from Physical Graffiti live for the La Tropicana (Hard Tropical Mix) - Tropicana - La Tropicana time at a warm-up gig in RotterdamNetherlands on 11 January, a week before the US tour, which lasted until 27 March.
Tickets for the shows sold out within four hours, described by promoter Mel Bush as "unprecedented demand in the history of rock music", so a further two dates were added. NME ' s Nick Kent reviewed the album three months before it was released. He speculated it could be the group's best work to date, saying "the album's tonal density is absolutely the toughest, most downright brutal I've heard all year". Pepper rolled into one: Physical Graffiti is Led Zeppelin's bid for artistic respectability".
Plant later felt that Physical Graffiti represented the band at its creative peak, and has since said that it is his favourite Led Zeppelin album.
Black Country Woman - Led Zeppelin - Boxed Set2 Graffiti was first issued on CD as a double-disc set in However, it was done without input from the band, used second and third-generation master tapes, and accidentally edited off the studio banter at the end of "In My Time of Dying". Page was unhappy with the lack of care over the CDs and decided he would produce new versions himself. He booked a week in May with engineer George Marino to remaster the entire back catalogue.
Eight tracks from Physical Graffiti appeared on the four-disc Boxed Set and three on Remastersboth in ;  the remainder appeared on Boxed Set 2 inwhile the album proper was reissued in An extended remastered version of Physical Graffiti was reissued on 23 Februaryalmost exactly forty years after the original album was released. The deluxe and super deluxe editions feature bonus material containing alternative takes and arrangements of songs. The reissue was released with an altered colour version of the original album's artwork as its bonus disc's cover.
All tracks are written by Jimmy Page and Robert Plantexcept where noted. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Black Country Woman.
This article is about the album by Led Zeppelin, which mentions the song Custard Pie. For the dessert, see Custard pie. Led Zeppelin. Bonham Jones Page Plant. Valens", a reference to Ritchie's mother.
The credit came about after Black Country Woman - Led Zeppelin - Boxed Set2 band had heard she never received any royalties from her son's hits. Archived from the original on 24 October Retrieved 16 September Rolling Stone. Retrieved 5 July Trouser Press. Archived from the original on 6 March NewMark Books.
Retrieved 15 March Physical Graffiti CD booklet liner notes. Jimmy Page, producer and George Marino, sound engineer. The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Retrieved 20 May
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