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In the late 19th century, physicists postulated that aether permeated all throughout space, providing a medium through which light could travel in a vacuumbut evidence for the presence of such a medium was not found in the Michelson—Morley experimentand this result has been interpreted as meaning that no such luminiferous aether exists. In Greek mythologyit was thought to be the pure essence that the gods breathed, filling the space where they lived, analogous to the air breathed by mortals.
Aristotlewho had been Plato's student at the Akademiaagreed on this point with his former mentor, emphasizing additionally that fire has sometimes been mistaken for aether. However, in his Book On the Heavens he introduced a new "first" element to the system of the classical elements of Ionian philosophy. He noted that the four terrestrial classical elements were subject to change and naturally moved linearly.
The first element however, located in the celestial regions and heavenly bodies, moved circularly and had none of the qualities the terrestrial classical elements had.
It was neither hot nor cold, neither wet nor dry. With this addition the system of elements was extended to five and later commentators started referring to the new first one as the fifth and also called it aethera word that Aristotle had not used. Aether did not follow Aristotelian physics either.
Aether was also incapable of motion Little Annie - The End* - Retrospection quality or motion of quantity. Aether was only capable of local motion. Aether naturally moved in circles, and had no contrary, or Lost Opera - Alchemy Of Quintessencemotion. The idea of crystalline spheres and natural circular motion of aether led to Aristotle's explanation of the observed orbits of stars and planets in perfectly circular motion in crystalline aether.
Medieval scholastic philosophers granted aether changes of density, in which the bodies of the planets were considered to be more dense than the medium which filled the rest of Mayonaise - Smashing Pumpkins* - Live At Riviera Theatre In Chicago, October 23th 1995 universe.
Fludd cites the 3rd-century view of Plotinusconcerning the aether as penetrative and non-material. Quintessence is the Latinate name of the fifth element used by medieval alchemists for a medium similar or identical to that thought to make up the heavenly bodies.
It was noted that there was very little presence of quintessence within the terrestrial sphere. Due to the low presence of quintessence, earth could be affected by what takes place within the heavenly bodies.
The use of quintessence became popular within medieval alchemy. Quintessence stemmed from the medieval Lost Opera - Alchemy Of Quintessence I Got Soul - Various - Reggae Time, which consisted of the four classical elements, and aether, or quintessence, in addition to two chemical elements representing metals: sulphur"the stone which burns", which characterized the principle of combustibility, and mercurywhich contained the idealized principle of metallic properties.
This elemental system spread rapidly throughout all of Europe and became popular Lost Opera - Alchemy Of Quintessence alchemists, especially in medicinal alchemy. Medicinal alchemy then sought to isolate quintessence and incorporate it within medicine and Lost Opera - Alchemy Of Quintessence. In The book of Quintessencea 15th-century English translation of a continental text, quintessence was used as a medicine for many of man's illnesses.
A process given for the creation of quintessence is distillation of alcohol seven times. With the 18th century physics developmentsphysical models known as "aether theories" made use of a similar concept for the explanation of the propagation of electromagnetic and gravitational forces. As early as the s, Newton used the idea of aether to help match observations to strict mechanical rules of his physics.
These aether theories are considered to be scientifically obsolete, as the development of special relativity showed that Maxwell's equations do not require the aether for the transmission of these forces.
However, Einstein himself noted that his own model which replaced these theories could itself be thought of as an aether, as it implied that the empty space between objects had its own physical properties. Despite the early modern aether models being superseded by general relativity, occasionally some physicists have attempted to reintroduce the concept of aether in an attempt to address perceived deficiencies in current physical models.
It has also been called a fifth fundamental force. The motion of light was a long-standing investigation in physics for hundreds of years before the 20th century. The use of aether to describe this motion was popular during the 17th and 18th centuries, including a theory proposed by Johann II Bernoulliwho was recognized in with the prize of the French Lost Opera - Alchemy Of Quintessence . In his theory, all space is permeated by aether containing "excessively small whirlpools".
These whirlpools allow for aether to have a certain elasticity, transmitting vibrations from the corpuscular packets of light as they travel through.
This theory of luminiferous aether would influence the wave theory of light proposed by Christiaan Huygensin which light traveled in the form of longitudinal waves via an "omnipresent, perfectly elastic medium having zero density, called aether".
At the time, it was thought that in order for light to travel through a vacuum, there must have been a medium filling the void through which it could propagate, as sound through air or ripples in a pool.
Later, when it was proved that the nature of light Время Есть, А Денег Нет - Кино - Легенды Русского Рока is transverse instead of longitudinal, Huygens' theory was replaced by subsequent theories proposed by MaxwellEinstein and de Brogliewhich rejected the existence and necessity of aether to explain the various optical phenomena.
These theories were supported by the results of the Michelson—Morley experiment in which evidence for the motion of aether was conclusively absent. Aether has been used in various gravitational theories as a medium to help explain gravitation and what causes it.
He based the whole description of planetary motions on a theoretical law of dynamic interactions. He renounced standing attempts at accounting for this particular form of interaction between distant bodies by Lost Opera - Alchemy Of Quintessence a mechanism of propagation through an intervening medium. In his aether model, Newton describes aether as a medium that "flows" continually downward toward the Earth's surface and is partially absorbed and partially diffused. This "circulation" of aether is what he associated the force of gravity with to help explain the action of gravity in a non-mechanical fashion.
His theory also explains that aether was dense within objects and rare without them. As particles of denser aether interacted with the rare aether they were attracted back to the dense aether much like cooling Suicide - Thin Lizzy - Live And Dangerous of water are attracted back to each Lost Opera - Alchemy Of Quintessence to form water.
This elastic interaction is what caused the pull of gravity to take place, according to this early theory, and allowed an explanation for action at a distance instead of action through direct contact.
Newton also explained this changing rarity and density of aether in his letter to Robert Boyle in From Maniacs - Godzilla - Godzilla, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Quintessence alchemy. Main article: Aether mythology.
See also: Empyrean. See also: Quintessence physics. Main article: Aether theories. Main article: Luminiferous aether. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 20 December Retrieved January 16, Ethiopian, negro, Hom. Etymologicum Genuinum s. Etymologicum Magnum in Greek. A History of Africa. Retrieved 20 January The Journal of Hellenic Studies. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press. London, Humphrey Moseley, Pg The Johns Hopkins University Press Bibcode : Natur.
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