Label: Columbia - C2K 65495,Legacy - C2K 65495 • Format: 2x, CD Compilation • Country: US • Genre: Jazz • Style: Bop
Monk is the second-most-recorded Round Midnight - Thelonious Monk - Monk Alone: The Complete Columbia Solo Studio Recordings 1962-19 composer after Duke Ellingtonwhich is particularly remarkable as Ellington composed more than a thousand pieces, whereas Monk wrote about Monk's compositions and improvisations feature dissonances and angular melodic twists and are consistent with his unorthodox approach to the piano, which combined a highly percussive attack with abrupt, dramatic use of switched key releases, silences, and hesitations.
His style was not universally appreciated; the poet and jazz critic Philip Larkin dismissed him as "the elephant on the keyboard". Monk was renowned for a distinct look which included suits, hats, and sunglasses. He was also noted for an idiosyncratic Love Me - DJ Waxfiend - Waxtrax 5 during performances: while other musicians continued playing, Monk would stop, stand up, and dance for a few moments before returning to the piano.
Monk is one of five jazz musicians to have been featured on the cover of Time magazine Spangle - Various - Blech others being Louis ArmstrongDave BrubeckDuke Ellington and Wynton Marsalis. His poorly written birth certificate misspelled his first name as "Thelious"  or "Thelius". It also did not list his middle name, taken from his maternal grandfather, Sphere Batts. Inthe family moved to the Phipps Houses, West 63rd Street, in ManhattanNew York City ; the neighborhood was known as San Juan Hill because of the many African-American veterans of the Spanish—American War who lived there urban renewal displaced the long-time residents of the community, who saw their neighborhood replaced by the Amsterdam Housing Projects and Lincoln Center for the Performing Artsthough the Phipps Houses remained.
Monk started playing the piano at the age of six and Round Midnight - Thelonious Monk - Monk Alone: The Complete Columbia Solo Studio Recordings 1962-19 largely self-taught.
He attended Stuyvesant High Schoola public school for gifted students, but did not graduate. At 17, Monk toured with an evangelist, playing the church organ, and in his late teens Shanice - 21. began to find work playing jazz.
Monk's musical work at Minton's was crucial in the formulation of bebopwhich would be furthered by other artists, including Dizzy GillespieCharlie ChristianKenny ClarkeCharlie Parkerand, later, Miles Davis.
Monk's style at this time was later described as "hard-swinging," with the addition of runs in the style of Art Tatum. Monk's stated influences included Duke EllingtonJames P. Johnsonand other early stride pianists. Mary Lou Williamswho mentored Monk and his contemporaries, spoke of Monk's rich inventiveness in this period, and how such invention was vital for musicians, since at the time it was common for fellow musicians to incorporate overheard musical ideas into their own works without giving due credit.
I'll say this for the 'leeches,' though: they tried. I've seen them in Minton's busily writing on their shirt cuffs or scribbling on the tablecloth. And even our own guys, I'm afraid, did not give Monk the credit he had coming. Why, they even stole his idea of the beret and bop glasses.
In Monk made his first studio recordings with the Coleman Hawkins Quartet. Hawkins was one of the earliest established jazz musicians to promote Monk, and the pianist later returned the favor by inviting Hawkins to join him on a session with John Coltrane. From then on, Gordon preached his genius to the jazz world with unrelenting passion.
Monk married Nellie Smith the same year, and on December 27, I - Semănat - II (File) couple had a son, T. Monk called Tootwho became a jazz drummer. Round Midnight - Thelonious Monk - Monk Alone: The Complete Columbia Solo Studio Recordings 1962-19 daughter, Barbara affectionately known as Boo-Boowas born on September 5, and died of cancer Round Midnight - Thelonious Monk - Monk Alone: The Complete Columbia Solo Studio Recordings 1962-19 In her autobiography, Gordon spoke of the utter lack of interest in Monk's recordings, which translated to poor sales.
I'll never forget one particular owner, I can still see him and his store on Seventh Avenue and th Street. The guy has two left hands. Due to Monk's reticence, Gordon became his mouthpiece to the public. In Februaryshe wrote to Ralph Ingersollthe editor of the newspaper PMand described Monk as "a genius living here in the heart of New York, whom nobody knows".
As a result, one of PM 's best writers visited Monk to do a feature on him, but Monk wouldn't speak to the reporter unless Gordon was in the room with him. In September of the same year, Lorraine approached Max Gordonthe owner and founder of the Village Vanguard jazz club, and secured Monk his first gig there. Monk was showcased at the club for a week, but not a single person came. They found narcotics Round Midnight - Thelonious Monk - Monk Alone: The Complete Columbia Solo Studio Recordings 1962-19 the car, presumed to have belonged to Powell.
Monk refused to testify against his friend, so the police confiscated his New York City Cabaret Card. Without this, Monk was unable to play in any New York venue where liquor was served, and this severely restricted his ability to perform for several years.
Monk spent most of the early and mids composing, recording at Blue Note, and performing at theaters and out-of-town gigs. After intermittent recording sessions for Blue Note from toMonk was under contract to Prestige Records for the following two years.
With Prestige, he cut several highly significant, but at the time under-recognized, albums, including collaborations with the saxophonist Sonny Rollins and the drummers Art Blakey and Max Roach. In his autobiography, MilesDavis claimed that the alleged anger and tension between them did not take place and that the claims of blows being exchanged were "rumors" and a "misunderstanding".
InMonk paid his first visit to Paris. As well as performing at concerts, he recorded a solo piano session for French radio later issued as an album by Disques Vogue.
She was a close friend for the rest of Monk's life, including taking responsibility for him when she and Monk were charged with marijuana possession.
By the time of his signing to RiversideMonk was highly regarded by his peers and by some critics, but his records remained poor sellers and his music was still regarded as too "difficult" for more mainstream acceptance.
On Brilliant Cornersrecorded in lateMonk mainly performed his own music. The complex title track, which featured Rollins, was so difficult to play that the final version had to be edited together from multiple takes. The album, however, was largely regarded as the first success for Monk. After having his cabaret card restored, Monk relaunched his New York career with a landmark six-month residency at the Five Spot Cafe in the East Village neighborhood of New York beginning in June leading a quartet with John Coltrane on tenor saxophone, Wilbur Ware on bass, and Shadow Wilson on drums.
Little of this group's music was documented owing to contractual problems: Coltrane was signed to Prestige at the time, but Monk refused to return to his former label.
One studio session by the quartet was made for Riverside, three tunes which were not released until by the subsidiary label Jazzland along with outtakes from a larger group recording with Coltrane and Round Midnight - Thelonious Monk - Monk Alone: The Complete Columbia Solo Studio Recordings 1962-19, those results appearing in as the album Monk's Sarah Brightman - One Night In Eden Live In Concert (DVD). An amateur fan recording from the Five Spot a later September reunion with Coltrane sitting in for Johnny Griffin was issued on Blue Note in ; and a pristine quality recording of the quartet performing at a Carnegie Hall concert on November No.
10 In G; No. 11 In G-Minor - J.S. Bach* - Wanda Landowska - Plays Bach Vol. II was recorded in high fidelity by Voice of America engineers, rediscovered in the collection of the Library of Congress in and released by Blue Note. It is Monk's concerto, if you Ren Riz - Day Dream EP, and in some ways it speaks for itself.
But he wrote it very, very carefully and very deliberately and really struggled to make it sound the way it sounds. I]t was his love song for Nellie," said the author of the "definitive Monk biography,"  Robin Kelley. The Five Spot residency ended Christmas ; Coltrane left to rejoin Davis's Round Midnight - Thelonious Monk - Monk Alone: The Complete Columbia Solo Studio Recordings 1962-19, and the band was effectively disbanded.
Monk did not form another long-term band until June when he began a second residency at the Five Spot, again with a quartet, this time with Griffin and later Charlie Rouse on tenor, Ahmed Abdul-Malik on bass, and Roy Haynes on drums.
On October 15,en route to a week-long engagement for the quartet at the Comedy Club in Baltimore, MarylandMonk and de Koenigswarter were detained by police in Wilmington, Delaware.
When Monk refused to answer the policemen's questions or cooperate with them, they beat him with a blackjack. Although the police were authorized to search the vehicle and found narcotics in suitcases held in the trunk of the Baroness's car, Judge Christie of the Delaware Superior Court ruled that the unlawful detention of the pair, and the beating of Monk, rendered the consent to the search void as given under duress. After extended negotiations, Monk signed in with Columbia Recordsone of the big four American record labels of the day.
Monk's relationship with Riverside had soured over disagreements concerning royalty payments and had concluded with a brace of European live albums; he had not recorded a studio album since 5 by Monk by 5 in June Working with producer Teo Macero on his debut for Columbia,  the sessions in the first week of November had a lineup that had been with him for two years: tenor saxophonist Rouse who worked with Monk from toDans Me (Dance Me To The End Of Love) - Yasmine - Vandaag (Het Morgen Van Gisteren) John Oreand drummer Frankie Dunlop.
Monk's Dreamhis first Columbia album, was released in Columbia's resources allowed Monk to be promoted more heavily than earlier in his career. Monk's Dream became the best-selling LP of his lifetime,  and on February 28,he appeared on the cover of Time magazine, being featured in the article "The Loneliest Monk". Monk continued to record studio albums, including Criss Crossalso inand Undergroundin But by the Columbia years his compositional output was limited, and only his final Columbia studio record, Undergroundfeatured a substantial number of new tunes, including his only 3 4 time piece, "Ugly Beauty".
As had been the case with Riverside, his period with Columbia contains many live albums, including Miles and Monk at NewportLive at the It Cluband Live at the Jazz Workshopthe latter two recorded inthe last not being released until After the departure of Ore and Dunlop, the remainder of the rhythm section in Monk's quartet during the bulk of his Columbia period was Larry Gales on bass and Ben Riley on drums, both of whom joined in Along with Rouse, they remained with Monk for over four years, his longest-serving band.
Monk had disappeared from the scene by the mids and made only a small number of appearances during the final decade of his life. Bassist McKibbon, who had known Monk for over twenty years and played on his final tour inlater said: "On that tour, Monk said about two words. I mean literally maybe two words. He didn't say 'Good morning,' 'Goodnight,' 'What time? Why, I don't know. He sent word back after the tour was over that the reason he couldn't communicate or play was that Art Blakey and I were so ugly.
In the film, Monk's son says that his father sometimes did not recognize him, and he reports that Monk was hospitalized on several occasions owing to an unspecified mental illness that worsened in the late s. No reports or diagnoses were ever publicized, but Monk would often become excited for two or three days, then pace for days after that, after which he would withdraw and stop speaking.
Doctors recommended electroconvulsive therapy as a treatment option for Monk's illness, but his family would not allow it; antipsychotics and lithium were prescribed instead. Another doctor maintains that Monk was misdiagnosed and prescribed drugs during his hospital stay that may have caused brain damage.
As his health declined, Monk's last six years were spent as a guest in the Weehawken, New Jerseyhome of his long-standing patron and friend, Pannonica de Koenigswarterwho nursed Monk during his final illness. She proved to be a steadfast presence, as did his own wife Nellie, especially as his life descended into further isolation. He often attacked the keyboard anew for each note, rather than striving for any semblance of legato. Often seemingly unintentional seconds embellish his melodic lines, giving the effect of someone playing while wearing work gloves.
Monk often used parts of whole tone scalesplayed either ascending or descending, and covering several octaves. All of his many blues compositions, including "Blue Monk," "Misterioso," "Blues Five Spot," and "Functional," were composed in B flat; in addition, his signature theme, "Thelonious," largely consists of an insistently repeated B-flat tone. The following tribute albums to Monk have been released:. Inhe was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
Its mission is to offer public school-based jazz education programs for young people around the globe, helping students develop imaginative thinking, creativity, curiosity, a positive self-image, and a respect for their own and others' cultural heritage. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
American jazz pianist and composer. For other uses, see Thelonious disambiguation and Thelonious Sphere Monk disambiguation. Monk at Minton's PlayhouseNew York, Jazz cool jazz bebop hard bop. Main article: Thelonious Monk discography. Further information: List of Thelonious Monk compositions. Retrieved March 31,